1. Give your stairs a safety check.
Stairs are a prime location for a nasty fall, says Lee Shapiro, MD, a rheumatologist in Saratoga Springs, New York, who is working on a book about falls. To prevent a fall on the stairs, install railings on both sides of all staircases. Fix any steps that are loose or uneven. Make sure the carpet is firmly attached on each step. Have a light switch at both the top and the bottom of the staircase. And never store objects on the stairs, where they are a tripping hazard.